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Español para Norte Americanos

If you've ever wanted a simple primer with some phrases in Spanish, we've created one for you to both learn from, and use in the field.

March 12, 2019 1:12 AM
By:
Aaron

Introudcciòn - Español (Engles Translacion Después)

Un tunel en la frontera entre Texas y Mexico

En esta articulo, discutamos cuando comprendiendo Español es una habilidad vital. Español es mi lengua segunda, asi que por favor, disculpa me por errores. En este articulo, aprenderemos algunas palabras y frases relevantes para emergencias, así como conversaciones normal.

En engles por uno momento. In English for a moment.

In this article, we'll discuss when understanding Spanish is a vital skill. Spanish is my second language, so please, forgive me for errors. In this article, we'll learn some words and phrases that are relevant for emergencies, as well as normal conversations.

Le guste o no, Español esta aquí por el futuro. En pues de pensar que es inconveniente, piénsalo como una oportunidad para aprender una lengua representando el otro mitad de las Americas. No solo es bueno hablar un poco Español para viajar, pero es bueno para emergencias, también. Las Poblaciones de Latinos en Norte America estan creciendo rápidamente, y especialmente si usted esta en los Estados del sur, querrás poder comunicar.

Like it or not, Spanish is here to stay (Literally "for the future", but colloquially used as "to stay"). Instead of thinking it's inconvenient, consider it an opportunity to learn a language that represents the other half of the Americas. Not only is it good to speak Spanish for travel, but it's good for emergencies as well. The population of Latinos in North America is growing quickly, and especially if you live in the southern states, you'll want to be able to communicate.

Las Basicas: Saludos

Primero, es necessario comunicar con frases facil, como "hola" y "Como se dice ____?"
en Español.... y por favor, habla los frases cuando leyendo:

First, it's necessary to communicate with simple phrases like "hello" and "how do you say____?"
in Spanish... and please, speak the phrases when reading:
  • Si = Yes
  • No = No
  • Hola = Hello
  • Buen Dia o "Buenos días" = Good morning/day.
  • Buen Noche o "Buenas Noches" = Good evening
  • Encantado/Encantada (m/f) = Nice to meet you (Literally "Charmed", but used casually)
  • Adiós = Goodbye
  • Hasta Luego = Until Later
  • Hasta Pronto = See you soon
  • No hablo Español bien = "I don't speak Spanish well"
  • Yo hablo Español = "I speak Spanish"
  • Yo hablo un poco Español = I speak a little Spanish
  • Mi nombre es... = My name is...
  • Me llamo ... = I'm called (more commonly used introducing oneself by name)

    Preguntas Básicas - Basic Questions
  • Como se llama? = what's your name? (How are you called?)
  • Como Estas? = How are you?
  • Que Tal? = How's it going? (colloquial)
  • Que pasa? = What's happening/What's going on? (Used like "what's up?", but can also be used for "whats wrong?")
  • Que pasó? = What happened?
  • Donde estamos? = Where are we?
  • Quién es? = Who is it?
  • Quienes son? = Who are they?

Indicá apuntando tus dedo, y ellos pueden entender. Entendiendo como preguntar "que es eso?" (what is that?) es una habilidad muy importante también.

Indicate pointing your finger and they'll be able to understand. Understanding how to ask "what is that?" is a very important skill as well.
  • Que es esto? = What is this?
  • Que es eso? = What is that?
  • Como se dice (dee-say, not "dice") = How do you say?
  • Lo viste? = Did you see?

Poder dar instrucciones es importante. Por ejemplo...

Being able to give instructions is important. For example...

  • Dame (da-meh) ____ = Give me _____
  • Dale (da-leh) _____ = Give him/her _____
  • Traeme = Bring me _____
  • Ve alla" (veh eye-ya) = Go over there
  • Ven Aquí (ven ah-key) = Come here
  • Escucha[me] (es-ku-cha-[may]) = Listen to [me]
  • Vamanos = Let's go
  • Mira (sounds like Mee dah) = Look!
  • Alto! = stop (not Alto as in high, from the German "halt". You can also use 'Pare' [pah ray])

Frases utilitdades

Useful phrases
  • Tengo = I have
  • No Tengo = I don't have
  • Tenga = He/she has
  • No tenga = he or she doesn't have
  • Tengan = They have
  • No Tengan = They don't have
  • Bastante = Enough
  • Demasiado = Too much
  • Tengo Hambre = I'm hungry
  • Quiero algo de comer = I'd like something to eat.
  • Quiere algo comer? = Want something to eat?
  • Estoy sediento = I'm thirsty
  • Quiero algo de beber = I'd like something to drink.
  • Quiere algo beber? = Want something to drink?
  • Cuanto cuesta? = How much does this cost?

Es bueno preguntar con "por favor", también. Preguntando sobre personas es importante ambos.

It's good to ask "please", as well. Asking about people is also important.
  • Como se llama (ya-ma)? = "What are you called?" used as: What's your name?
  • Donde vive? = Where do you live?
  • Me llamo _____. = My name is ____.
  • De quien es? (deh key-en es) = Who's is this?
  • Quién eres tu?  = Who are you?
  • Quién es ese? = Who is that?
  • Quien es el/ella? = Who is he/she?
  • El/Ella es su... = He/She is your...

Familia - Family

  • Esposo/Esposa? = Husband/Wife
  • Novio/Novia? = Boyfriend/Girlfriend
  • (el) niño/(la) niña = (the) boy/(the) girl (Note: neen-yo/neen-ya. Nee-no is like Godfather. Watch out for that "enye" "ñ")
  • Nino = Godfather
  • (el) hijo/(la) hija = The son/daughter (Note: e-ho, e-ha. The 'h' is silent)
  • (Los) Padres = Parents
  • (el) Padre/(la) Madre = (the) Father/(the) Mother
  • (el) Abuelo/(la) Abuela = The grandfather/grandmother
  • (el) Tio/(la) Tia = (the) Uncle/Aunt

En Español sustantivos son masculino o femenino. En Español el adjetivo "el"/"la" es masculino o femenino dependiendo en el sustantivo que está describiendo.

In Spanish nouns are masculine or feminine. In Spanish the adjective "the" is either masculine or feminine depending on the noun it is describing.

Frases Necesarias para Emergencias - Necessary Phrases for Emergencies

...En algún lugar encima Mexico viejo...

Quero... (I need) / Quieres... (Do you need):

  • Agua (a-goo-wa) = water
  • Comida = food
  • Ayudar = help
  • Policia (pole-e-sea-ah) = police
  • Un Doctor (dohk-tohr) = a doctor
  • Un Mecánico = a mechanic?

Tráeme... (trah-a-me) = bring me

  • Agua (ah-goo-wa) = water
  • Comida = food
  • Ayuda = help
  • la Policia = police
  • Un Doctor = a doctor
  • Un Mecánico = a mechanic
  • Por favor = please  (Don't forget those magic words, y'all)

Frases para el Camino, y el Mecánico y Trabajadores - Phrases for the Road, the Mechanic and the Workers

  • Puede arreglarlo? = Can you fix it?
  • Cuanto cuesta...? = How much does it cost?
  • ...Reparar? = to Repair
  • ...Reconstruir? = to Rebuild
  • ...Construir? = to Build
  • El Motor =  Engine
  • El Transmissión =  Transmission
  • Las Herramientas = Tools
  • La Pala = Shovel
  • El Martillo = Hammer
  • El Mazo = Mallet
  • El Destornillado (Des-Tor-nee-yah-dor) Screwdriver
  • El Tornillo (tor-nee-yo) = Screw
  • La Tuerca = Nut
  • La Llave Francesa = Wrench
  • La Escalera = Ladder
  • Los Alicates = pliars
  • Los Guntes = Work Gloves
  • La Mapa = the Map
  • El Camino = the Road
  • El Sendero = the Trail
  • Que tan lejos está? = How far is it?
  • Milla (Mi-yah) = Mile
  • Kilómetro = Kilometer
  • Cuán lejos? = How far?

Frases por Emergencias Médicas - Phrases for medical Emergencies

Aftermath of Chilean earthquake in 2015. Photo credit Alejandro Pizarro via the Associated Press
  • Quiero un doctor! = I want a doctor!
  • el/ella necesita un doctor = he/she needs a doctor
  • Rapidamente! = Quickly!
  • Estoy Sangrando = I am bleeding
  • El/Ella esta sangrando = He/She is bleeding
  • Queiro... = I want _____.
    ...un vendaje = a bandage
    ...un torniquete = a tourniquet
  • Usar un... = Use a...
  • Usé (oo-seh)... = I used...
  • Estás Lastimado? = Are you hurt?
  • Donde estas herido? = Where are you injured?
  • Lo/La lastimaste? = You hurt him/her?
  • Esta el/ella enfermo/enferma? = is he/she sick?
  • Influenza/Gripe (gree-pay) = flu
  • Enfermo = Sick
  • Resfriado = a cold
  • Tos = cough (or to have a cough)
  • Tiene dolor en... = Do you have pain in...
    ...su brazos? = your arms?
    ...su Piernas? = your legs?
    ...su cabeza? = your head?
    ...su pulmones? = your lungs?
    ...su estomago? = your stomach?
    ...su corazón? = your heart?
  • Quiere medicina?
    ...Aspirina? = Aspirin
    ...Tylenol? = Tylenol
    ...Supresor de la tos? = Cough Suppressant
    ...analgésicos? = Painkillers
    ...antibióticos? = Antibiotics
  • Soy Alérgico a... = I am allergic to...
  • Es el/ella alérgica a... = Is he/she allergic to...?
  • Enfermedad = Disease
  • Dolor = Pain
  • Herida = wound

Frases por Emergencias de Violencia - Phrases for violent emergencies

Violencia es un characterística común en America Latina... pero no si evitas drogas y los cartelas.
  • No se mueva/muevan - don't move (single/group)
  • iQuieto! - Freeze
  • Robo = Robbery
  • Robar = To Rob/steal
  • ...Robarlo = rob him
  • ...Lo Robaste? = did you rob him?
  • Asesinar = To Murder
  • Matar = To kill
  • ...Matarlo = kill him
  • ...Lo Mataste? = did you kill him?
  • Estoy llevando (yay-van-do)... = I'm carrying... (In Texas, "cargando" was often used in place of llvando. It literally translates to loading, but this regional and slangy. Llevando = "carrying", but in the U.S.'s eastern border states 'cargando' is used as a less formal/slang version).
  • El esta Cargando/llevando = He is carrying...
  • Un Cuchillo = knife
  • Una Pistola = pistol
  • Un Rifle = Rifle
  • Ametralladora = Machine gun
  • Pelear = to fight
    ...Peleando = fighting
    ...Estaban peleando = They were fighting
    ...Ellos estan peleando = They are fighting
  • Cortar = to cut
    ...le cortarlo = he cut him
  • Apuñalar = to stab
    ...lo/la apuñaló = he stabbed him/her
  • Disparar = to shoot
    ...le disparó = he shot him

Vocabulario basica - Basic Vocabulary

Numbers. A handy chart that shows when and how they change.

Lugares y Cosas - Places and Things

  • La Cuidad = City
  • El Campo = Countryside
  • El Pueblo = Village/Town
  • El Coche = Car
  • La Troqa = Truck (slang, mostly for borderlands between Mexico and the U.S.)
  • El Rio = the River
  • El Lago = the Lake
  • La/las Montaña(s) = the Mountain(s)
  • La/las Colina(s) = the Hill(s)
  • El Bosque = The Forest
  • El Desierto = The Desert
  • El Pastizales = Grasslands

Descripciones - Descriptions

  • Aquí = Here
  • Ayi = There
  • Proximo = Close
  • Leijo = Far
  • Grande = Big
  • Poco = Small/Little
  • Rico = Rich
  • Pobre = Poor
  • Gordo/gorda = Fat (m/f)
  • Flaco/flaca = Skinny (m/f)
  • Guero/guera (Where-oh/ah) = Light complected
  • Moreno/Morena (m/f) = Dark complected
Colores - Colors
  • Blanco = White
  • Negro = Black
  • Rojo = Red
  • Azul = Blue
  • Verde = Green
  • Amarillo (ah-mah-ree-yo) = Yellow
  • Marrón = Brown
  • Púrpura = Purple
  • Anaranjado (ana-ran-ha-do) = Orange (Naranja [na-ran-ya] is the fruit 'orange')
Animales común - Common Animals
  • El Perro = dog
  • El Gato = cat
  • El Gallo (guy-oh) = rooster
  • La Gallina = Hen
  • El Cabra = Goat
  • La Vacha = Cow (female)
  • El Toro = Bull
  • El Caballo = Horse

Conclusión

Ojala, este articulo puede ayudar si necesita a hablar Español. Por favor, practica con su amigos. Hablando es el major práctica, pero eschuca a las películas y leer libros en Español también.

Hopefully this article can help if it's necessary to spaek spanish. Please, practice with your friends. Speaking is the best practice.

Salud!


ISG Team

Note: Please mention it if you see something that's incorrect or if you noticed there's a phrase or word that needs to be mentioned. We will periodically update this article to be more comprehensive.

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